Inside hemp there are countless cannabinoids, over 100, among these there is CBG or Cannabigerol.
CBG is a component that develops within hemp and is responsible for the creation of both THC and CBD, which are currently the best known active ingredients.
But let’s find out more about CBG!
WHAT IS CBG? WHAT ARE ITS FEATURES?
CBG is part of the phytocannabinoids chemical precursor of other cannabinoids we know CBD and THC visit this website.
Phytocannabinoids are not produced by the body but by the cannabis plant. In fact, cannabigerol is present in the small growths of hemp, i.e. the trichomes, in the form of acid.
Once the plants that contain CBG are harvested, they are dried and processed. Thanks to the heat used in these steps, however, it leads to the loss of the acid characteristics and to the removal of a carboxyl group. Through decarboxylation, acids are transformed into their non-acidic equivalents such as CBG and CBD HHC Gummies.
During flowering, the cannabinoid most present within the plant is CBG. When the substance is dried, however, its concentration becomes less than 1%. That is why this component to date has not received proper attention from scholars.
But does CBG have any psychotropic effects? As also underlined within the United Nations Convention on Psychotropic Substances, CBG is not found within this list. That’s why this phytocannabinoid is legal in most countries.
THE DISCOVERY OF CBG-A: CANNABIGEROLIC ACID
CBG-A or cannabigerolic acid was discovered in 1964 by scientist Y. Gaoni.
This component is one of the first cannabinoids that are formed inside the cannabis plant and during the maturation phase some enzymes transform the CBGA into acidic cannabinoids such as THCA, CBCA and CBDA.
According to the studies carried out by Gaoni and collaborators, Cannabigerol is a compound of the terpenophenolic type, i.e. like those present in cannabis, this can be divided into 3 molecules that have different chemical properties, each with a specific application in the field pharmaceutical.
For example, the phenolic ring exhibits antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. The two lipophilic chains are placed at the end of the phenolic ring, ie they represent the n-alkyl chain and the terpenoic chain.
The two lipolife chains have different therapeutic applications and are poorly water soluble and this allows them to penetrate well into the tissues.
WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF CBG?
CBG interacts with the endocannabinoid system like CBD and THC. For this reason, this phytocannabinoid also has a strong potential in the therapeutic field. The first studies carried out on Cannabigerol have already demonstrated its relaxing activities.